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Anemone (uh-NEM-oh-nee)

Common Name:  Windflower, anemone

Light:  - Full sun to part shade

Soil:  Average to rich, moist but well-drained

Moisture:  Average

Blooms:  Spring or Fall

Zones:  varies by species

Anemone x 'Pamina'

Anemone sylvestris

Anemone Description and Cultural Information

Anemone x hybrida, Japanese anemone. 2' - 3'. These plants are wonderful fall bloomers with a base of deep-green, divided leaves above which are held beautiful, pink, cupped flowers on long, wiry stems. Even though the flowers seem to be held in midair, plants never need staking. 'Honorine Jobert' is a pure white selection. 'Margarete' has semidouble deep-pink flowers. 'Max Vogel' has large pink flowers on tall stems. 'Whirlwind' is a semi-double white. Yes, these plants can be invasive, but they are so beautiful in the fall border you will be reluctant to remove them. Zones (4) 5 - 8.

Anemone sylvestris, snowdrop anemone. 12" - 18". These plants have single white flowers in spring with a repeat showing in the fall. The blooms are followed by a unique cotton-like seed head. Unlike other spring anemones they do not go dormant after flowering. Plants spread quickly in light soil. Zones 3 - 8.

Anemone tomentosa, grape-leaved anemone. 2' - 3'. This cultivar is similar to the Japanese anemone but is much hardier than some of the hybrids. Plants have single pink flowers in the fall, although somewhat earlier than A. x hybrida. They are vigorous to the point of being invasive. Zones 3 - 8.

How to Grow:  Japanese anemones and grape-leaved anemones prefer rich, evenly moist soil in sun or part shade, but they will also grow in average, heavy soil. Plants will run considerably in light soils. Snowdrop anemones prefer moist, humus-rich soil in part shade, but they will tolerate a wide range of lighting conditions. Plants usually stay more contained in heavier soils.

Landscape uses:  Anemone sylvestris works well as a groundcover. Plant it under shrubs or trees with spring bulbs, ferns, or bleeding hearts (Dicentra). Anemone x hybrida and A. tomentosa work well in the tall shrub border or with other vigorous or sturdy fall plants such as Anaphalis, Boltonia, Asters, sunflowers (Helianthus), ornamental grasses, Sedum, or Aconitum.

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